人工智能哲學

人工智能哲學粵拼jan4 gung1 zi3 nang4 zit3 hok6英文philosophy of artificial intelligence)係對人工智能哲學探討:人工智能同哲學-尤其係心靈哲學(philosophy of mind)-相當有關係,因為兩個領域都關注智能(intelligence)、心靈(mind)、意識(consciousness)、以至自由意志(free will)等嘅概念[1]。再加上人工智能理論上可以引致人工動物同人造人嘅創造,而噉做會引起唔少道德上嘅問題,所以道德哲學(philosophy of ethics)等嘅領域都對人工智能嘅相關討論有興趣[2]

重要問題

人工智能哲學試圖回答以下嘅問題[3]

  • 機械有冇可能展現智能?佢哋有冇可能解決嗮所有曉透過思考處理嘅問題?
  • 人類智能同人工智能本質上係咪一樣?人腦電腦有乜異同?
  • 機械有冇可能好似人類噉,擁有自己嘅精神、意識、同心理狀態?

睇埋

參考

  • Blackmore, Susan (2005), Consciousness: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford University Press.
  • Dennett, Daniel (1991), Consciousness Explained, The Penguin Press, ISBN 978-0-7139-9037-9.
  • Dreyfus, Hubert (1972), What Computers Can't Do, New York: MIT Press, ISBN 978-0-06-011082-6.
  • Dreyfus, Hubert (1979), What Computers Still Can't Do, New York: MIT Press.
  • Kurzweil, Ray (2005), The Singularity is Near, New York: Viking Press, ISBN 978-0-670-03384-3.
  • Lucas, John (1961), "Minds, Machines and Gödel", in Anderson, A.R. (ed.), Minds and Machines.

  1. McCarthy, John. "The Philosophy of AI and the AI of Philosophy 互聯網檔案館歸檔,歸檔日期2018年10月23號,.". jmc.stanford.edu.
  2. Bringsjord, Selmer; Govindarajulu, Naveen Sundar (2018), Zalta, Edward N. (ed.), "Artificial Intelligence", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy 互聯網檔案館歸檔,歸檔日期2019年11月9號,. (Fall 2018 ed.), Metaphysics Research Lab, Stanford University.
  3. Russell & Norvig 2003,p. 947, define the philosophy of AI as consisting of the first two questions, and the additional question of the ethics of artificial intelligence. Fearn 2007,p. 55, writes "In the current literature, philosophy has two chief roles: to determine whether or not such machines would be conscious, and, second, to predict whether or not such machines are possible." The last question bears on the first two.