阿什哈巴德

(由阿什哈巴德市跳轉過嚟)

阿什哈巴德粵拼aa3 sam6 haa1 baa1 dak1,土庫曼:Ashgabat)係土庫曼首都

Ashgabat
Aşgabat (土庫曼文)
Konjikala (2nd Century B.C.-circa 1830)
Askhabad (circa 1830–1919) Асхабадъ (俄文)
Poltoratsk (1919–1927) Полторацк (俄文)
Ashkhabad (1927–1991) Ашхабад (俄文)
Neutrality-Road-Ashgabat-2015.JPG
[[File:||132px]]
Ashgabat, new avenue - panoramio.jpg
Stans08-056 (3134884466).jpg
Stans08-028 (3134865512).jpg
Ashgabat suburbs IMG 5865 (26044790251).jpg
New Ashgabat - panoramio.jpg
Ultra-modern highways in Ashgabat.jpg
Ashgabat官方圖章
圖章
Ashgabat官方標誌
標誌
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CountryTurkmenistan
Founded1881
政府
 • 類型Presidential[1]
 • MayorÝaztagan Gylyjow[2]
面積
 • 總計440 平方公里(170 平方英里)
海拔219 米(719 英尺)
人口(2012)
 • 總計1,031,992
 • 密度2,300/平方公里(6,100/平方英里)
Postal code744000–744040
電話區號(+993) 12
車牌AG
網站www.ashgabat.gov.tm

氣候

阿什哈巴德屬沙漠氣候,全年都好乾燥。

阿什哈巴德氣候平均數據
月份 1月 2月 3月 4月 5月 6月 7月 8月 9月 10月 11月 12月 全年
歷史最高温 °C(°F) 28.7
(83.7)
32.6
(90.7)
38.6
(101.5)
39.4
(102.9)
44.5
(112.1)
47.2
(117)
46.0
(114.8)
45.7
(114.3)
45.6
(114.1)
40.1
(104.2)
37.0
(98.6)
33.1
(91.6)
47.2
(117)
平均高温 °C(°F) 8.6
(47.5)
11.2
(52.2)
16.5
(61.7)
24.1
(75.4)
30.1
(86.2)
36.0
(96.8)
38.3
(100.9)
37.2
(99)
31.7
(89.1)
24.3
(75.7)
16.8
(62.2)
10.4
(50.7)
23.8
(74.8)
每日平均氣温 °C(°F) 3.5
(38.3)
5.5
(41.9)
10.4
(50.7)
17.4
(63.3)
23.3
(73.9)
29.0
(84.2)
31.3
(88.3)
29.6
(85.3)
23.6
(74.5)
16.5
(61.7)
10.2
(50.4)
5.1
(41.2)
17.1
(62.8)
平均低温 °C(°F) −0.4
(31.3)
1.0
(33.8)
5.5
(41.9)
11.6
(52.9)
16.6
(61.9)
21.5
(70.7)
23.8
(74.8)
21.7
(71.1)
16.1
(61)
10.1
(50.2)
5.2
(41.4)
1.2
(34.2)
11.2
(52.2)
歷史最低温 °C(°F) −24.1
(−11.4)
−20.8
(−5.4)
−13.3
(8.1)
−0.8
(30.6)
1.3
(34.3)
9.2
(48.6)
13.8
(56.8)
9.5
(49.1)
2.0
(35.6)
−5.1
(22.8)
−13.1
(8.4)
−16
(3)
−24.1
(−11.4)
平均降水量 mm(英寸) 20
(0.79)
24
(0.94)
41
(1.61)
32
(1.26)
21
(0.83)
6
(0.24)
3
(0.12)
2
(0.08)
3
(0.12)
10
(0.39)
19
(0.75)
20
(0.79)
201
(7.91)
平均降雨日數 9 9 13 12 10 5 3 2 3 6 8 10 90
平均降雪日數 5 5 1 0.03 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 1 3 15
平均相對濕度(%) 78 72 66 58 47 35 34 34 40 54 68 77 55
每月平均日照時數 112.7 119.4 146.2 194.4 275.1 335.5 353.8 348.1 289.2 216.8 157.2 104.4 2,652.8
出處 #1:Pogoda.ru.net[3]
出處 #2:NOAA (sun, 1961–1990)[4]

參考

  1. "Türkmenistanyň Halk Maslahatynyň Çözgüdi HM-6 14 December 1992" (PDF).
  2. "Türkmenistanyň Prezidentiniň Permanlary опубликованно 07.02.2020". 原著喺December 3, 2020歸檔. 喺May 9, 2021搵到.
  3. "Weather and Climate- The Climate of Ashgabat" (俄文). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). 原著喺December 26, 2018歸檔. 喺May 14, 2015搵到.
  4. "Ashgabat Climate Normals 1961–1990". 美國國家海洋及大氣管理局. 喺May 14, 2015搵到.