乳糜瀉粵拼jyu5 mei4 se3英文coeliac disease)係遺傳性腸道疾病[4]。典型嘅症狀有慢性肚屙肚脹英文abdominal distention吸收不良英文malabsorption、冇乜食慾,同埋細路仔會發育得好慢英文failure to thrive[1]。呢個病通常發生喺六個月大到兩歲之間[1][5][6][7]

乳糜瀉
Coeliac disease
Coeliac path.jpg
乳糜瀉患者嘅小腸絨毛切片
讀音
病徵無症狀或非特異性症狀肚脹英文abdominal distention肚屙屙屎唔出吸收唔好英文malabsorption、體重下降、皰疹性皮膚炎英文dermatitis herpetiformis[1][2]
併發症缺鐵性貧血骨質疏鬆症不孕癌症神經系統疾病、第啲自體免疫性疾病
通常發病乜嘢年紀都會
病程終身
類型autoimmune disease of gastrointestinal tract[*], 麩質相關疾病[*], disease (individual)[*]
起因麩質嘅反應
診斷家族病史英文Family history (medicine)、血液抗體檢測、腸道活檢基因檢測、對移除麩質嘅反應
類似條件炎症性腸病腸道寄生蟲腸激躁症囊腫性纖維化[3]
無麩質飲食
分類同拎
醫學專科胃腸學內科學
ICD-9-CM579.0
OMIM609754、612008、612005、612006、607202、611598、612007、612011、612009
DiseasesDB2922
MedlinePlus000233
eMedicine932104373864
Patient UK英文Patient UK乳糜瀉
Coeliac disease
Orphanet555

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Fasano A (April 2005). "Clinical presentation of celiac disease in the pediatric population". Gastroenterology (Review). 128 (4 Suppl 1): S68–73. doi:10.1053/j.gastro.2005.02.015. PMID 15825129.
  2. "Symptoms & Causes of Celiac Disease | NIDDK". National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. June 2016. 原先內容歸檔喺2017-04-24. 喺24 April 2017搵到.
  3. Ferri, Fred F. (2010). Ferri's differential diagnosis : a practical guide to the differential diagnosis of symptoms, signs, and clinical disorders (第2nd版). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Mosby. p. Chapter C. ISBN 978-0323076999.
  4. "Celiac Disease". NIDDKD. June 2015. 原先內容歸檔喺2016-06-16. 喺17 March 2016搵到.
  5. Husby S, Koletzko S, Korponay-Szabó IR, Mearin ML, Phillips A, Shamir R, Troncone R, Giersiepen K, Branski D, Catassi C, Lelgeman M, Mäki M, Ribes-Koninckx C, Ventura A, Zimmer KP, ESPGHAN Working Group on Coeliac Disease Diagnosis; ESPGHAN Gastroenterology Committee; European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (January 2012). "European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition guidelines for the diagnosis of coeliac disease" (PDF). J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr (Practice Guideline). 54 (1): 136–60. doi:10.1097/MPG.0b013e31821a23d0. PMID 22197856. 原著 (PDF)喺2016-04-03歸檔. 喺2018-03-29搵到. Since 1990, the understanding of the pathological processes of CD has increased enormously, leading to a change in the clinical paradigm of CD from a chronic, gluten-dependent enteropathy of childhood to a systemic disease with chronic immune features affecting different organ systems. (...) atypical symptoms may be considerably more common than classic symptoms
  6. Newnham, Evan D (2017). "Coeliac disease in the 21st century: Paradigm shifts in the modern age". Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. 32: 82–85. doi:10.1111/jgh.13704. PMID 28244672. Presentation of CD with malabsorptive symptoms or malnutrition is now the exception rather than the rule.Template:Free access
  7. Tonutti E, Bizzaro N (2014). "Diagnosis and classification of celiac disease and gluten sensitivity". Autoimmun Rev. 13 (4–5): 472–6. doi:10.1016/j.autrev.2014.01.043. PMID 24440147.