感覺追求粵拼gam2 gok3 zeoi1 kau4英文sensation seeking)喺性格心理學上係指一種特質(trait)。如果話一個人有感覺追求嘅傾向,意思係話佢鍾意係噉接觸啲新同刺激嘅事物[1][2]

一個人喺度玩攀岩;好似攀岩呢啲極限運動,感覺追求度高嘅人會覺得好過癮,因為新鮮刺激。

概論

睇埋:心理犒賞

感覺追求源於「唔同人鍾意唔同嘢」:有啲人可能覺得一啲低風險低刺激性嘅活動(例如坐喺電視前面一路食雪糕一路睇合家歡嘅)夠嗮過癮;另一方面,又有一啲人硬係比較鍾意高風險高刺激性嘅活動(例:攀岩);如果話一個人有感覺追求嘅傾向,意思係話佢鍾意係噉接觸新同刺激嘅事物。

感覺追求傾向嘅體現可以視乎一個人嘅第啲性格特質而有異。舉個例說明,如果佢有感覺追求傾向得嚟又衝動,就有可能會為咗貪新鮮而吸毒,但如果佢有感覺追求傾向得嚟又有自控能力,就可能會比較傾向用「試玩多啲唔同嘅視像遊戲」等冇咁有害嘅方法嚟展現佢嘅感覺追求傾向[1]

睇埋

  1. 1.0 1.1 Harden, K. P., Mann, F. D., Grotzinger, A. D., Patterson, M. W., Steinberg, L., Tackett, J. L., & Tucker-Drob, E. M. (2018). Developmental differences in reward sensitivity and sensation seeking in adolescence: Testing sex-specific associations with gonadal hormones and pubertal development (PDF). Journal of personality and social psychology, 115(1), 161.
  2. Shulman, E. P., Harden, K. P., Chein, J. M., & Steinberg, L. (2015). Sex differences in the developmental trajectories of impulse control and sensation-seeking from early adolescence to early adulthood (PDF). Journal of youth and adolescence, 44(1), 1-17.

文獻

  • Zuckerman, M., (2007). Sensation seeking and risky behavior. American Psychological Association.