Wikipedia:點樣睇生物分類框How to read a taxobox
紫菀
紫菀
紫菀
物種分類
植物界 Plantae
被子植物門 Magnoliophyta
雙子葉植物綱 Magnoliopsida
菊目 Asterales
菊科 Asteraceae
紫菀屬 Aster

紫菀粵拼zi2 jyun2英文aster日文片假名シオン,「shion[1])係菊科下嘅一個多年生開花植物,大約有 180 個種,多數種嘅紫菀分佈於歐亞大陸,亦都有啲種分佈喺北美。多種嘅紫菀會開鮮紫色嘅。呢啲花俾好多人覺得佢哋好靚,所以紫菀係一種常用嘅觀賞花[2][3]

紫菀嘅鮮艷紫色同星形俾好多園藝愛好者覺得佢哋好靚,而且又容易吸引蝴蝶蜜蜂,所以玩園藝嘅人好多都鍾意種紫菀:紫菀擅長喺夏天涼爽同潮濕嘅氣候當中生存,而喺比較熱嘅氣候,玩園藝嘅人會將紫菀種喺有陰影嘅地方,等佢哋免受強烈日照破壞;一般喺春天種咗,紫菀就會喺夏天同秋天開花;紫菀係多年生植物,即係話一樖紫菀能夠過,並且生存多過一年嘅時間;順帶一提,紫菀另一樣出名嘅係佢哋對有相當強嘅抗性[4]

日本,紫菀係一種頗有人氣嘅花,而喺日本花語當中,紫菀係「唔會忘記你」噉嘅意思[5]

常見品種

 
一朵盛開嘅紫菀
  • Aster ageratoides – rough-surface aster
  • Aster alpinus – alpine aster
  • Aster amellus – European Michaelmas daisy, Italian aster
  • Aster arenarius – beach-sand aster
  • Aster fastigiatus – highly-branch aster
  • Aster glehnii – Ulleungdo aster
  • Aster hayatae – Korean montane aster
  • Aster hispidus – bristle-hair aster
  • Aster iinumae – perennial false aster
  • Aster incisus – incised-leaf aster
  • Aster lautureanus – connected aster, mountain aster
  • Aster linosyris – goldilocks aster
  • Aster maackii – Maack's aster
  • Aster magnus – magnus aster
  • Aster neoelegans
  • Aster spathulifolius – seashore spatulate aster
  • Aster tataricus – Tatarian aster, Tatarinow's aster
  • Aster tonglingensis
  • Aster tongolensis
  • Aster tripolium – sea aster, seashore aster

睇埋

  1. 林弥栄『日本の野草』山と溪谷社〈山溪カラー名鑑〉、2009 年 10 月。
  2. Elizabeth Pennissi (2001). "Linnaeus's last stand?". Science. 291 (5512): 2304–2307.
  3. Luc Brouillet. "Aster Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2 : 872. 1753; Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 373. 1754". Flora of North America. p. 20.
  4. Aster.
  5. 紫苑 (しおん).

參考文獻

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee, ed (2006). Magnoliophyta: Asteridae, Part 7: Asteraceae, Part 2. Flora of North America. 20. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195305647.