秃鷲 / 禿鷹
Griffon vulture, Gyps fulvus
近十年嚟，印度同巴基斯坦嘅禿鷲種群減少咗九成有多，喺南亞地區亦有兩至三種禿鷲瀕臨絕種。可能係同diclofenac有關，係一種非類固醇消炎藥（Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug，NSAID）有消炎止痛功效。呢隻藥本來係用嚟醫牲畜，但當牲畜死咗，屍體內留有大量嘅藥份，由於農夫大多會將屍體亂棄置響荒野。禿鷲食屍體會直接吸收diclofenac，導致腎衰竭，甚至死亡。
In Southern Africa, the name for a Nubian vulture is synonymous with the term applied to lovers, because these vultures are always seen in pairs, mother and child remaining closely bonded together. Pairing, bonding, protecting, and loving are essential attributes associated with the vulture's size and its ability to soar high up in the sky. The Egyptians considered the vulture an excellent mother, and its wide wingspan was seen as all-encompassing and providing a protective cover to its infants. The vulture hieroglyph
was the uniliteral sign used for the glottal sound (3) including words such as mother, prosperous, grandmother, and ruler
In the Western world, the image of the vulture is far more negative, with 'vulture' used as a metaphor for those who prey on the weak or dying, with associated negative connotations of cowardice and selfishness (although the vulture plays an important natural role).
- Ferguson-Lees, Christie, Franklin, Mead and Burton Raptors of the World ISBN 0-7136-8026-1
- Grimmett, Inskipp and Inskipp, Birds of India ISBN 0-691-04910-6
- Hilty, Birds of Venezuela, ISBN 0-7136-6418-5
- Ian Sinclair, Phil Hockey and Warwick Tarboton, SASOL Birds of Southern Africa (Struik 2002) ISBN 1-86872-721-1
- "India's Vultures Fall Prey to a Drug in the Cattle They Feed On", New York Times, Amelia Gentleman, March 28, 2006.