Chanakya artistic depiction.jpg

考底利耶Kautilya 或者 Chanakya)(c. 350–275 BCE)[1]前4世紀古印度政治家、哲學家,婆羅門,曾經幫旃陀羅笈多一世建立孔雀王朝。擅長權謀,後來忌人將佢叫做「印度馬基雅維利」,佢寫嘅《政事論》(Arthashastra),係古印度重要政治文獻。

佢本來係古代塔克西拉大學嘅一個老師,幫第一任孔雀皇帝旃陀羅笈多一世響後生嗰陣攞到權力。響孔雀帝國嘅建立入邊,考底利耶發揮咗重要作用。孔雀帝國係考古學上有記載第一個統一印度次大陸嘅王國。考底利耶同時做咗旃陀羅笈多一世同佢個仔賓頭娑羅嘅首席顧問。

考底利耶係印度經濟學政治學先驅,亦都係早期創立古典經濟學嘅重要人物[2][3][4][5],喺政治學上面佢研究早過馬基雅維利約莫一千八百年[6]。考底利耶寫嘅書約莫喺笈多王朝末期失傳,1915年先搵返[3]

逝世

關於考底利耶忌真實死因,我等知得唔多,而且有拗撬。一種講法係,佢根據耆那教傳統隱退到叢林,然後自己絕食而死。[7]另一種講法係,賓頭娑羅嘅丞相唔中意考底利耶,設計陷害佢,重將佢活埋致死。[8]

參考

  1. S. K. Agarwal (1 September 2008). Towards Improving Governance. Academic Foundation. p. 17. ISBN 978-81-7188-666-1. 喺2012-06-06搵到.
  2. L. K. Jha, K. N. Jha (1998). "Chanakya: the pioneer economist of the world", International Journal of Social Economics 25 (2-4), p. 267–282.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Waldauer, C., Zahka, W.J. and Pal, S. 1996. Kauṭilya's Arthashastra: A neglected precursor to classical economics 互聯網檔案館歸檔,歸檔日期2012年2月19號,.. Indian Economic Review, Vol. XXXI, No. 1, pp. 101-108.
  4. Tisdell, C. 2003. A Western perspective of Kauṭilya's Arthasastra: does it provide a basis for economic science? Economic Theory, Applications and Issues Working Paper No. 18. Brisbane: School of Economics, The University of Queensland.
  5. Sihag, B.S. 2007. Kauṭilya on institutions, governance, knowledge, ethics and prosperity. Humanomics 23 (1): 5-28.
  6. Herbert H. Gowen (1929). and in a much more conventional world.or Political Theory in India Two Thousand Years Ago, Political Science Quarterly 44 (2), p. 173–192.
  7. Journal of Indian History. University of Kerala. 1949. p. 211. 喺2013-02-07搵到.
  8. Nury Vittachi (2007). The Kama Sutra of Business: Management Principles From Indian Classics. Wiley India Pvt. Limited. p. 87. ISBN 978-81-265-1454-0. 喺2012-06-06搵到.