電腦保安上講嘅釣魚diu3 jyu2英文phishing)係廿一世紀初其中一種最常見嘅攻擊,用嚟引受害人提供密碼或者信用咭號碼等嘅敏感資訊

「我哋係受信銀行,親愛嘅客戶,我哋留意到您最近嘗試由第個國家度提取 135.25 文咁多錢。如果上述嘅資訊唔正確,可能表示有人偷入您個戶口。為咗安全起見,請您撳以下條拎去我哋個網站:」
(收到呢封 e-mail 嘅人一撳條拎就出事。)

概論

編輯
睇埋:電腦保安

一場釣魚式嘅攻擊過程如下[1]

  • 攻擊方假扮成一啲信得過嘅人或者組織,例如扮成銀行或者政府嘅人員呀噉;
  • 向受害方傳信息或者電郵,而且提到一啲會令受害方「揗雞,想即刻行動」嘅內容,例如「我哋係 XX 銀行,你個戶口喺三日前畀一個身處美國嘅人提咗咁多咁多錢」噉;
  • 靠呢種信息或者電郵引受害方提供一啲敏感資訊,例如「如果啲錢唔係你提取嘅,麻煩撳下面條,提供你嘅信用咭號碼」噉;
  • 釣魚式攻擊通常會配合埋各種嘅惡意軟件嚟用,受害方一撳條拎,就會出事-可能條拎會連去一個叫受害方填敏感資訊嘅網站,甚至一撳條拎隻惡意軟件就會單撈落受害方部機度。

黑客寫好信息設好條拎之後,就向 1,000 個人 send(粵拼sen1)釣魚電郵,梗會有一兩個人上當[2]

進階啲嘅釣魚式攻擊仲可以好個人化(魚叉式釣魚)-例如黑客望到某個人手上有啲價值連城嘅資產,就走去調查吓嗰個人,知佢有咩朋友,跟住喺釣魚用嘅電郵度模仿佢啲朋友嘅口吻寫嘢。

應對

編輯

事實表明,釣魚式攻擊可以造成巨大嘅損失,例如喺 2020 年代初就出咗好多單,有黑客用釣魚式攻擊引人撳拎,用拎嘅惡意軟件嚟偷走值成幾廿萬美金NFT [3],甚至仲有荷里活嘅演員畀人透過呢種方法偷走佢嘅 NFT 資產[4]。因為噉,有唔少電腦保安工作者都有研究點樣對付釣魚式攻擊,例如反垃圾電郵技術就可以用嚟減少啲人睇到釣魚用電郵嘅機率

睇埋

編輯

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  97. Prince, Brian (January 18 2007). "Man Found Guilty of Targeting AOL Customers in Phishing Scam". PCMag.com. 原著喺2009年3月21號歸檔. 喺2007年8月13號搵到. {{cite news}}: Check date values in: |date= (help); More than one of |archivedate=|archive-date= specified (help); More than one of |archiveurl=|archive-url= specified (help)
  98. Leyden, John (January 17 2007). "AOL phishing fraudster found guilty". The Register. {{cite news}}: Check date values in: |date= (help)
  99. Leyden, John (June 13 2007). "AOL phisher nets six years' imprisonment". The Register. {{cite news}}: Check date values in: |date= (help)
  100. Gaudin, Sharon (June 12 2007). "California Man Gets 6-Year Sentence For Phishing". InformationWeek. 原著喺2007年10月11號歸檔. 喺2007年8月13號搵到. {{cite news}}: Check date values in: |date= (help)