量子力學

(由量子物理學跳轉過嚟)

古典物理嘅局限

黑體輻射

${\displaystyle E_{n}=nh\nu }$

光電效應

${\displaystyle E=h\nu }$ ${\displaystyle [1]}$

${\displaystyle h\nu =E_{\mbox{w}}+{\frac {1}{2}}mv^{2}}$ ${\displaystyle [2]}$

${\displaystyle [2]}$  呢條式執少少嘅話會得出：

${\displaystyle h\nu -E_{\mbox{w}}={\frac {1}{2}}mv^{2}}$ ${\displaystyle [3]}$

${\displaystyle {\frac {1}{2}}mv^{2}=V_{s}e}$ ${\displaystyle [4]}$

${\displaystyle [4]}$  入面，${\displaystyle V_{s}}$  係停止電壓，而 ${\displaystyle e}$  係一粒電子所帶嘅電荷。停止電壓喺定義上就係指緊「令到因為個光電效應而飛出嚟嘅電子停止唔郁所需要施嘅電壓」，所以佢對每粒電子作嘅功（${\displaystyle V_{s}e}$  ）喺數值上會等如每粒電子飛咗出嚟之後帶嘅動能，而呢個就係 ${\displaystyle [4]}$  講緊嘅嘢。跟手代一代啲式：

${\displaystyle h\nu -E_{\mbox{w}}=V_{s}e}$ ${\displaystyle [5]}$

原子結構

玻爾模型

${\displaystyle \nu ={\frac {E_{n}-E_{m}}{h}}}$ ${\displaystyle [6]}$

物質波

${\displaystyle \lambda _{Broglie}={\frac {h}{p}}}$ ${\displaystyle [7]}$

${\displaystyle \lambda _{Broglie}}$  係粒粒子嘅波長，而 ${\displaystyle {p}}$  係佢嘅動量（Momentum）。

攷

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2. Feynman, Richard; Leighton, Robert; Sands, Matthew (1964). The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol. 3. California Institute of Technology. p. 1.1.
3. Jaeger, Gregg (September 2014). "What in the (quantum) world is macroscopic?". American Journal of Physics. 82 (9): 896–905.
4. Introduction to Quantum Theory
5. Mehra, J.; Rechenberg, H. (1982). The historical development of quantum theory. New York: Springer-Verlag.
6. Sears, F. W.; Zemansky, M. W.; Young, H. D. (1983). University Physics (6th ed.). Addison-Wesley. pp. 843–844. ISBN 0-201-07195-9.
7. "The Photoelectric Effect". 原著喺2018年4月20號歸檔. 喺2018年4月2號搵到.
8. Carroll, Bradley W. (2007). An Introduction to Modern Astrophysics. CA, USA: Pearson Education.
9. Akhlesh Lakhtakia (Ed.); Salpeter, Edwin E. Models and Modelers of Hydrogen. American Journal of Physics (World Scientific). 1996, 65 (9): 933.
10. Walter J. Lehmann (1972). "Chapter 18". Atomic and Molecular Structure: the development of our concepts. John Wiley and Sons.
11. Davisson, Clinton. The Discovery of Electron Waves. Nobel Lectures, Physics 1922-1941. Amsterdam: Elsevier Publishing Company. 1965 [2007-09-17].
12. Feynman, Richard P.; Robert B. Leighton; Matthew Sands (1965). The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol. 3. Addison-Wesley. pp. 1.1–1.8.
13. Darling, David (2007). "Wave–Particle Duality". The Internet Encyclopedia of Science. The Worlds of David Darling. Retrieved 2018-04-15.