一班人喺度思考打仗用嘅策略。

策略粵拼caak3 loek6英文strategy希臘文στρατηγία,「stratēgia」[1])係指喺有不確定性(uncertainty)嘅情況下,用嚟達到一個或者多個目標嘅高層次計劃,亦即係所謂嘅兵法[2][3]

策略相對於戰術(tactics),但兩個概念相輔相成:喺場一對一嘅對局當中,雙方都有若干個可能採取嘅行動,其中一個行動係所謂嘅戰術(用嚟達到短期目標嘅實質行動),而策略係指其中一方對於「整體嚟講,應該點樣達到目標」嘅宏觀計劃,而且往往會指定乜嘢時候應該用乜嘢戰術;舉個例說明,家陣有個玩家玩緊一隻射擊遊戲(或者一個士兵打緊仗),佢嘅計劃係「盡可能喺對手留意唔到嗰陣移到對手側面,並且進行側擊」,而當佢喺某個時間地點撞到一個對手,佢採取嘅行動係「移去對手側面,進行側擊」-嗰個計劃係佢嘅策略,而嗰個行動就係佢嘅戰術。一個策略會講明行動者大致上有乜戰術可以用,以及呢啲戰術分別要喺乜嘢時候使用[4]

制定一套策略嘅步驟大致如下[5][6][7]

  • 思考者首先要搞清楚自己目標係乜,
  • 然後再了解個形勢同手上有乜資源
  • 跟手諗吓喺呢個形勢下,有乜嘢行動(戰術)偏向對自己達到目標有利,再指定喺真係執行策略嗰陣,要點運用呢啲戰術;
  • 而喺真係執行個策略嗰時,思考者要有能力可靠噉行佢啲戰術。

睇埋

參考書

  • Burgelman, R. A., & Andrew, S. (2001). Strategy is destiny: How strategy-making shapes a company's future. The Free Press.
  • Freedman, L. (2015). Strategy: A history. Oxford University Press.
  • Kvint, V. (2015). Strategy for the Global Market: Theory and practical applications. Routledge.
  • Waddington, C. H. (2014). The strategy of the genes. Routledge.

  1. στρατηγία, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus.
  2. Porter, M. E. (1996). What is strategy. Published November.
  3. Freedman, Lawrence (2013). Strategy. Oxford University Press.
  4. Strategy Vs. Tactics: The Main Difference & How to Track Progress Of Both.
  5. Freedman, L. 2015. Strategy: a history. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  6. Mintzberg, Henry and, Quinn, James Brian (1996). The Strategy Process: Concepts, Contexts, Cases. Prentice Hall.
  7. The 10 Ingredients That Every Strategy Should Have. Forbes.